Eugene Garfield has had an extraordinary impact on the method of dissemination of scientific information. Early in his career, he helped to revise the methods to indexing the biomedical literature in what was then the Current List of Medical Literature and eventually led to the creation of the Index Medicus. After obtaining a Master's degree in library science from Columbia University in 1954, Dr. Garfield began to publish Current Contents/Pharmaco-Medical and Life Sciences, which later expanded into other additional scientific areas. Dr. Garfield renamed his company Institute for Scientific Information (the name it holds today) and began to publish the Science Citation Index in 1964.
In 1986, Dr. Garfield founded The Scientist, a bi-weekly newspaper for the research professional. All of Dr. Garfield's innovative creations have had an immeasurably important effect on scientific and medical research today.
In addition to his M.S. in Library Science, Dr. Garfield obtained a B.S. in Chemistry from Columbia University in 1949, and a Ph.D. in Structural Linguistics from the University of Pennsylvania in 1961.
Information as of 1986