Johns Hopkins Medical School │ Baltimore, Maryland
For his groundbreaking research on the genetics of the visual system, including the identification of key genes involved in eye development, eye diseases, and color vision.
How human eyes perceive color has been the lifework of Jeremy Nathans. While still a M.D./Ph.D. student at the Stanford University School of Medicine, Nathans was the first to isolate the human genes responsible for color vision and to discover how changes in these genes can cause colorblindness. From that extraordinary start, Nathans went on to Johns Hopkins as a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator where he and his team determined the genes and mechanisms responsible for eye diseases affecting thousands of people. Nathans’s work has also focused on molecular pathways involved in development and function, and their staggeringly complex interactions. Throughout his career, Nathans’s ability to connect genes to mechanisms to physiology has revealed incredible insights into disease, development, and the fundamental biology of our powerful sense of sight.