Zhores I. Alferov was born in Vitebsk, Belorussia, USSR, in 1930. In 1952, he graduated from the Department of Electronics of V. I. Ulyanov (Lenin) Electrotechnical Institute in Leningrad. Since 1953 he has been a staff member of the Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute, and he is presently Director. He earned a candidate of sciences in technology degree in 1961 and a doctor of sciences in physics and mathematics in 1970, both from the Ioffe Institute.
Dr. Alferov invented and developed fast opto- and microelectronic components based on layered semiconductor structures, termed semiconductor heterostructures, for which he was jointly awarded a Nobel Prize in 2000. Dr. Alferov was awarded the Ballantine Medal from The Franklin Institute in 1971.
Information as of 1971