A modern-age pioneer of power electronics, Narain Hingorani is considered the father of flexible alternating current transmission systems (FACTS) and custom power innovations, and a leader in high voltage direct current (HVDC). His developments are expected to revolutionize future alternating current (AC) power transmission and distribution systems.Read More
Bower Award and Prize for Achievement in Science
Dr. Brinster is the recipient of the 1997 Bower Award and Prize for Achievement in Science. He has made groundbreaking contributions to the development of methods to transfer foreign genes into animals and the use of these methods to understand the activity and function of genes.Read More
A renowned researcher in the field of structural molecular biology, Alexander Rich's work furthered understanding of the roles of DNA abd RNA in heredity. In 1979, Rich and his team made a shocking discovery: "left-handed" DNA. This screw-shape form was dubbed Z-DNA, and Rich later discovered a biological role in making modifications to genetic material.Read More
Passionate about science from a young age, Isabella Karle had completed her B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. (all in physical chemistry) from the University of Michigan by the age of twenty-three. After serving as the first female member of the chemistry faculty at the University of Michigan, Dr. Karle and her husband (also a scientist, who later won a Nobel Prize) took up positions at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) in 1946.Read More
Dr. Yang completed his B. Sc. degree at National Southwest Associated Universityin 1942, and received his M.Sc. degree in 1944 from Tsinghua University. He left China to go to the United States at the end of World War II on a Tsinghua University Fellowship, and entered the University of Chicago in January 1946. In 1957, Dr. Yang won the Nobel Prize in Physics.
Dr. Yang's primary interests in physics focus on elementary particle physics; statistical mechanics; and condensed matter physics.
Information as of 1994Read More
Frederick P. Brooks received an A.B. in Physics from Duke University in 1953, and a Ph.D. in Computer Science from Harvard University in 1956.
Dr. Brooks worked for IBM Corporation, in Poughkeepsie and Yorktown, New York, from 1956 to 1965. For his pioneering work as the architect of the Stretch and Harvest computers, as well as managing the development of the System/360 computers and OS/360 software, he received a National Medal of Technology.Read More
Sir Martin Rees is one of the world's leading theorists in the field of astrophysics and cosmology. He was the first to propose the fantastic and now widely accepted theory that the engines driving the high-energy, deep-space quasars seen through the Hubble Space Telescope are actually enormous black holes. England's Astronomer Royal, Rees was Plumian Professor of Astronomy and Experimental Philosophy at Cambridge University, and was elected to this chair at the age of 30.Read More
Seymour Benzer began his career in science as a solid-state physicist, switching to biology in 1949. In the early 1960's, after having made several major contributions to the understanding of gene structure and the genetic code, he switched fields again and pioneered an entirely new era in neurogenetics. He has developed amazing insights into the nature of human behavior and brain disease by studying the fruit fly. Dr.Read More
Henri Kagan is widely recognized as a pioneer in the field of asymmetric catalysis. His discoveries have had far-reaching impact on the pharmaceutical industry. Dr. Kagan studied at the Sorbonne in Paris before receiving his Ph.D. from the College of France in 1960. After a nearly 40-year career at the Universite Paris-Sud in Orsay, France, he now serves as an emeritus professor. His career has spanned the world, and he continues to be an active visiting lecturer, author, and enthusiastic mentor to young chemists.Read More