In the summer of 1960, 26-year-old Jane Goodall arrived on the shore of Lake Tanganyika in East Africa to study wild chimpanzees at the request of the famed anthropologist and paleontologist Dr. Louis Leakey. Leakey hoped that Goodall's observations would serve as a window into the evolutionary past of humans. Little did he know that Goodall's scientific discoveries would lay the foundation for future primate studies.Read More
Benjamin Franklin Medal
Stanley Prusiner graduated from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1968 and quickly began a career track in neurology through an internship and residency at the University of California School of Medicine in San Francisco. There he maintained several teaching and research positions in the areas of neurology, biochemistry, biophysics, and virology for more than 20 years.Read More
Barry Marshall has done seminal work in identifying the function of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori in the pathophysiology of human ulcergenesis, revolutionizing clinical understanding of gastrointestinal ulcer disease, and presenting hope for millions of patients around the world.
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Soon after medical school, Judah Folkman performed an experiment whose intriguing results suggested to him that for a tumor to become a cancerous growth, it must have an unlimited supply of new blood vessels. This was a significant observation; because it was known that new blood vessel growth, or neovascularization or angiogenesis, as doctors call it, rarely occurs in fully formed organs or adult individuals except in the healing of wounds.Read More
Chilton has shown that the crown-gall tumors of plants are caused by the transfer of a small piece of DNA from a plasmid in the pathogen, Agrobacterium tumefaciens, into the host plant, where it becomes part of the plant's genome. The T-DNA can furthermore be used to transfer genes between pro- and eucaryotic organisms. Chilton's work has thus been essential in transforming genetic engineering of plants from science fiction to science.Read More
Daniel Tsui received a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Chicago in 1967. He joined the technical staff of Bell Labs in 1968, where he worked with Horst Stormer until 1982. Since then he has been in the electrical engineering department at Princeton University. He is a member of the National Academy of Science and a Fellow of the American Physical Society.
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Robert B. Laughlin did undergraduate and masters-level work at the University of California at Berkeley, and received his Ph.D. from M.I.T. in 1979. Formerly at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, he is currently a professor at Stanford University.
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Ahmed Zewail received his Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of Pennsylvania in 1974, then went directly to work as an IBM research fellow at the University of California, Berkeley. He was appointed to the faculty at California Institute of Technology in 1976, was tenured within two years and in 1982 became a full professor. In 1990 he was honored by that prestigious institute's first Linus Pauling Chair and, in 1995, he received the Order of Merit, first class.Read More
Horst Stormer received a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Stuttgart in Germany in 1977. He joined Bell Labs as a postdoctoral fellow in 1977 and has been a member of the technical staff at Bell Labs since 1978. Internationally recognized as a leading physicist, Stormer is a Fellow of the American Physical Society and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
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