Yoichiro Nambu's long and distinguished career in physics has led to the concepts of broken symmetry and quark "color." He was also an early pioneer of string theory. Dr.Nambu received his B.S. in 1942 and D.Sc. in 1952, from the University of Tokyo. After serving as a professor at Osaka City University in Japan and a member at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, he began an extraordinary 50-year career at at The University of Chicago, where he has been an emeritus professor since his retirement in 1991.Read More
Benjamin Franklin Medal
The son of pioneers, Douglas Engelbart grew up in Oregon. After completing his B.S. in electrical engineering at Oregon State University, he went on to obtain a B.Eng. as the University of California, Berkeley, where he also received his Ph.D. in electrical engineering, specializing in computers.
Information as of 1999Read More
Noam Chomsky, of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts, developed a system of linguistic analysis that is the basis for computer languages. His work has also provided insight into the processes of human thought.
Information as of 1999Read More
Together with Gordon Danby, James Powell invented and holds the patent for the Superconducting Maglev (magnetic levitation) transportation systems. This invention is the basis for the Tokyo to Osaka maglev route spanning 300 miles. Their inventions also include the inductive levitation and stabilization guideway, null flux geometry, and the Linear Synchonous Motor for vehicle propulsion.Read More
Gordon Danby and James Powell invented and hold the patent for the Superconducting Maglev (magnetic levitation) transportation systems. This invention is the basis for the Tokyo to Osaka maglev route spanning 300 miles. Their inventions also include the inductive levitation and stabilization guideway, null flux geometry, and the Linear Synchonous Motor for vehicle propulsion.Read More
Eric Cornell was born in 1961, and received his undergraduate degree at Stanford University and his Ph.D. at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Cornell shares this award with Carl Wieman, also of the University of Colorado, and Wolfgang Ketterle of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Cornell provides a detailed autobiography here, written on the occasion of receiving the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2001.
Information as of 2001Read More
Bernard Widrow, Professor of Electrical Engineering at Stanford University, is a pioneer in the field of adaptive signal processing. Adaptive systems have the ability to learn and improve their behavior through interaction with their environments.Read More
Charles H. Thornton has a reputation for taking common structural components and applying them in extraordinary ways expanding the horizons of structural design. Among his plethora of designs are the world's tallest building, the Petronas Twin Towers of Kuala Lumpur City Centre, Malaysia; the United Airlines Terminal at O'Hare Airport in Chicago; Pac Bell Park in San Francisco; Chiefly Tower in Australia; Battery Park City, a two-building complex of 40 and 50 stories with the attached Winter Garden, in New York City; and One Liberty Place in Philadelphia.Read More
Alexandra Navrotsky attended the University of Chicago and received her Bachelor of Science in 1963, her Masters of Science in 1964, and her Doctorate in 1967 from that institution. She began her career in Chemistry at Arizona State University, and then in 1985, joined the faculty at the Department of Geological and Geophysical Sciences at Princeton University. She was chair from 1988-1991 and a founder of the Princeton Materials Institute.Read More
The next time you make a call on your cell phone, think of Bisnu Atal, who is internationally recognized for his pioneering work on Linear Predictive Coding (LPC) methods that analyze and synthesize speech signals, which provided not only higher quality digital speech, but also dramatically expanded the benefits of cellular phone technology to millions of users.Read More