January is named after the god of Janus, the Roman god of gates and doors. Janus was a temple god which could look forward and backward at the same time. It was the Romans who began calling January 1 the start of new year.
February was named after Februariua, the ritual for atonement. It was originally 29 days long, but at one point, one day was transferred to the month of August. It is now 28 days long with a 29th day being added in leap years.
March was named after Mars, the Roman god of war.
April came from the word meaning after or second. The Romans called April Aprilis, which came meant "to open". This could have been because April was the season when buds began to open.
May was named for the goddess Miai, the goddess of increase. Since ancient times, May 1st has been an occasion for various celebrations.
June is the sixth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar. It has was named after the Roman goddess Juno, the queen of the gods and the goddess of marriage.
July was called Quintilis, meaning it was the fifth month of the year in the early Roman calendar. Being the month of Julius Caesar's birth and death, it was renamed "Julius" in his honor.
August was named for the emperor Augustus because many positive events in his life occurred during this month. To make August equal to July, named after Julius Caesar, a day was removed from February and given to August.
September came from the latin word septum, meaning seven. In the Roman calendar, it was the seventh month.
October was the eighth month in the ancient Roman calendar and came from the word octo, meaning eight.
November came from the word novem, meaning nine. Among the Romans is was the ninth month of a year.
December came from the latin word decem, meaning ten. It is the last and most festive month in the present Gregorian calendar.

Take the Months of the Year Quiz and test your comprehension!

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