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INDIA: MONSOONS

India's climate is dominated by monsoons.  Monsoons are strong, often violent winds that change direction with the season.  Monsoons blow from land to sea in the winter and from sea to land in the summer.  The summer monsoons roar into India  from the southwest.  They carry moisture from the Indian Ocean and bring heavy rains from June to September. The torrential rainstorms often cause violent landslides.  Entire villages have been swept away from monsoon rains.  Despite the potential for destruction, the summer monsoons are welcome.  Farmers depend on these rains to irrigate the land.  They also provide much of India's electricity.

RAINFALL DATA (in inches)

CITIES
JANUARY
MARCH
MAY
JULY
SEPTEMBER
NOVEMBER
KOCHI
.4
2.1
14
29
9.5
5.5
CALCUTTA
.6
1.12
5
12
12
1.5
MADRAS
1.0
.6
1.9
3.2
.9
1.1
BOMBAY
.1
.1
.6
27
12
.8
DELHI
.9
.7
.3
8
6
.01
LUCKNOW
1
.4
.5
12
7
.02

AVERAGE HIGH TEMPERATURES

CITIES
JANUARY
MARCH
MAY
JULY
SEPTEMBER
NOVEMBER
KOCHI
88
88
88
83
83
86
CALCUTTA
81
94
97
90
90
86
MADRAS
84
92
100
94
93
84
BOMBAY
85
88
92
86
86
90
DELHI
70
86
106
95
94
86
LUCKNOW
74
90
108
95
92
84

USE A CALCULATOR!!!!

1. Find the average rainfall for each ot the cities.  Which has the highest?  the lowest?

2.What is the median rainfall for Bombay?  Calcutta?

3. What is the range of temperatures for each of the cities?  Which has the greatest range?  the least?

4. Which city has the greatest temperature range from January to September?

5. Which is the hottest month?

6. Which is the driest month?  How can you calculate this?

7. On a temperature line graph, which city would be represented by this line?

J____M_____M\
                           \                     N
                             \                /
                                J_____S

Indian Monsoons Solutions

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