Objective - Overview
Students will review longitude and
latitude coordinate use for the Earth and then for the Moon.
Students will learn more about the 6 lunar landing sites
of the manned Apollo Missions and learn more about why these
sites were selected.
Review the terms longitude and latitude.
Talk about the way the use of these coordinates help to
locate exact positions on the Earth.
Longitude and latitude coordinates
for the Moon start at a point near the crater Bruce. Locate
this crater on a Moon map or globe. From this point (0 degrees
latitude, 0 degrees longitude) locations toward the east
side of the Moon (the direction in which the sun rise)are
indicated with east longitude. Locations towards the west
side (where the sun sets) have west longitude values. North
latitude is measured towards the Moon's north pole. South
latitude is measured towards the Moon's south pole.
Provide students with a blank
Moon map which has the longitude and latitude on it. Discuss
how these designations were determined.
Print out the landing
chart which gives the longitude and latitude of the
LM landings. Have students locate each of the 6 Apollo Missions
on the Moon Map. The
answer key can be use to check their work.
Ask students: Were the lunar
landing sites in similar terrains? Which crew was the first
to work in a hilly terrain? Why do you think these 6 sites
After each mission, the LMs were
crashed into the Moon's surface so that scientists could
study the seismic effects. Use the chart of impact locations
and have students try to locate these places on their Moon
- Current Locations)