A wedge uses
force to come between two things. A wedge is used for
three different types of work: connecting (the nail),
splitting (the ax), and tightening (the doorstop.)
One end of
the wedge tapers to a thin edge and the other end is wide.
The longer and thinner a wedge is, the less effort is
needed to overcome the resistance force. A very sharp
knife requires less effort to cut through a potato because
it's blade has been made thinnner by sharpening. Try hammering
a very thin nail into a block of wood and then try hammering
a thick nail into the same block of wood. Which was easier?
The thin nail is easier to hammer into the wood because
the point of the nail (the wedge) is thinner.