Harlow Shapley was awarded the 1945 Franklin Medal in Physics for "Contributions to Astronomy; measurement of galaxies of vast distances necessary for the determination of the nature and extent of our galaxy and others."
Numerous other awards and honors were bestowed on Shapley and he held many positions of importance. Some of these include:
Named for Harlow Shapley: The Shapley crater on the moon, Asteroid 1123 Shapleya, and the American Astronomical Association's Harlow Shapley Visiting Lectureships in Astronomy.
Sub-Committee of Committee on Science and the Arts Report, Recommending Harlow Shapley for award of Franklin Medal (and two draft copies), 12/13/1944 (560k)
Report Cover, Committee on Science and the Arts No. 3143 cover page, Franklin Medal to Harlow Shapley, final action 1/10/1945 (345k)
Committee on Science and the Arts Report, Report No. 3143 investigating the work of Harlow Shapley, 1/17/1945 (717k)