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Harlow Shapley: Measurement of Galaxies of Vast Distances, 1945

For K-12 Teachers

Harlow Shapley and the National Science Education Standards

At all grade levels, the National Science Education Standards call for students to develop abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry and their understandings about scientific inquiry. Likewise, students at all grade levels should develop their understanding of science as a human endeavor.

The Harlow Shapley project captures one person's process of inquiry as a case study for student reflection. Student exploration of the resources presented here, particularly at the high school level, can support standards-based learning. The project also offers a useful historical perspective on the scientific process.

The content of the Shapley project is advanced for younger grade levels, but teachers of all grades may find the material useful for their own science content background.

Harlow Shapley and the Principles & Standards for School Mathematics

At all grade levels, the Standards for School Mathematics call for students to understand, visualize, and analyze mathematical relationships.

The standards also call for students to experience a broad spectrum of careers and/or circumstances in which people use mathematics. The story of Harlow Shapley offers one vivid portrait.