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Enrico Fermi: Atomic Energy, 9147

Background

Fermi grew up during times burgeoning with new theories and ideas in atomic physics. Thomson's discovery of the electron was made in 1897; in 1910 came Rutherford's perception of the central, minute nucleus containing all the mass and positive charge of the atom; Chadwick's discovery of the neutron; then Pauli describing the behavior of the three particle types which comprise the atom: electron, proton and neutron.

Enrico Fermi, the complete scientist, combined his aptitudes for both theoretical deduction and experimentation throughout his career, beginning with the pure theory of Fermi-Dirac statistics through deductions of experimental results in neutron bombardment, successful designs of atomic piles, explanation of the final results of nuclear fission, and ending with reasons for the acceleration of cosmic rays.