The Franklin Institute Logo - click to go to Resources for Science Learning home page
Case Files Logo - click to go to Case Files home pageThe Case Files: Emile Berliner. The Gramophone and acoustic engineering, 1929
Photo of Emile Berliner

Case File of Emile Berliner

Committee on Science and the Arts
Contents of CSA #2903
1929 Franklin Medal

<< Case Files Home

Case File Catalog Summary

German inventor Emile Berliner was awarded the 1929 Franklin Medal by The Franklin Institute for his "life-work in successful invention." Berliner invented the microphone or "loose contact telephone transmitter" in 1877, and applied its use to telephony. He also developed the Gramophone, or Victor Talking Machine, for which he was awarded a Scott Medal by The Franklin Institute in 1897. Berliner received a 1913 Elliott Cresson Medal for his contributions to the field of telephony and the science of sound reproduction. Among his other achievements, Emile Berliner devised a method for duplicating disc records and invented acoustic tiles, which aid in ensuring proper acoustics in halls and theaters.