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Invention of the Point Contact Transistor, 1954

Expanding the Scope

In light of this insight, the committee members worked to modify the award citation accompanying the Ballantine Medal, emphasizing the value of the Point Contact Transistor in the overall advancement of electromagnetic communication. Committee member Albert F. Murray recommended expanding the scope of the Ballantine Medal in a letter to Dr. Wright, pointing out that the Ballantine Medal "is the only S. and A. award connected with the field of radio, radar, television and the like, therefore its scope might be enlarged to cover inventions...in this dynamic domain."

You can read the Case File documents recording the debate over awarding the Ballantine Medal to Bardeen and Brattian by clicking on the thumbnails at right.