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Baldwin Locomotive Works: Evolution of the American Locomotive, 1907

Introduction: Baldwin Locomotive Works

First an apprentice in the trade of jewelry making, Mattias Baldwin's mechanical tinkerings eventually led him to designing and experimenting with locomotive improvements. By 1837, his Baldwin Locomotive Works employed three hundred skilled artisans and produced forty locomotives annually. The company flourished as the U.S. railroad system expanded.

Why did Baldwin move from jewelry making into large-scale locomotive production? And how did the changing economy of the 1800s impact the Baldwin Locomotive Works?

These pages hold the answers to these questions and tell the fascinating story of industrial enterprise.