Action Plan

Scope & Sequence


Teacher's Guide



About the Author


Step One:

The students learn about fossils and the microfossils that help detect a source for petroleum. There are many lessons to learn about fossils. The following are just two of the lessons we used.



Lesson #1:

Past or Present

The age of the Earth has been determined by scientists to be approximately 4.5 billion years old. Nuclear chemistry has allowed scientists to assign more precise dates to these units giving us an absolute scale. Fossils are the remains of ancient life and are used to help us understand the past. In this lesson the 5th graders learn how scientists examine and think about the past. They look at the fossil skeletal remains of a stegosaurus and a horse.


Lesson #2:

Fossil Fun

There are many ways to teach fossils. One way that we do it is to make fossils using clay. As the students are making their fossils they are learning about fossils needed for the formationof crude oil and what a mold, cast, and trace fossil are. There isn't time in this site to show it all, but this may give you some ideas.

Student Projects


Step Two:

The student's complete an activity that simulates how petroleum is found through locating source rock and faulting.



Step Three:

The students complete a depletion of resources simulation to help them understand the generational use of nonrenewable resources.

Student Projects



(Click on the title to go to the Website. Use the back button to return)

Looking Down The Well

Looking Down The Well

Just click on the oil pump and it will take you to the website.

Fossil fuels are sources of energy formed from the remains of organisms. The most common source is marine microorganisms. These fossils went through a chemical change due to extreme heat and pressure. This site was created by older students. It has great background information and my fifth graders were able to read and follow it.


The Creation of Fossil Fuels

This site shows how fossil fuels are formed and how crude oil is taken from the ground. It is an easy to read site with great diagrams.